Home Fertility Know How The Cycle Works

Know how the female cycle works

The Female Cycle

The cycle begins with the first day of menstruation and ends the day before the next menstrual period. It is a myth that the cycle lasts 28 days. For most women, it varies from 26 to 32 days.

The cycle begins when the brain signals the eggs in the ovaries (ovarian follicles) to mature. They look like cysts on an ultrasound. The maturing follicle is equipped with granulosa cells, which change the male hormone testosterone into estrogen. As the follicle increases in size, more estrogen is formed, the uterine lining grows and is prepared for implantation of a fertilised egg.

The follicle grows particularly strong – 1-2 millimetres a day. Until ovulation, it grows to 2 to 2.8 cm. About 14 days before the next menstrual, the follicle bursts and the egg moves into the fallopian tube. Fertilisation occurs in the fallopian tube, where the eggs remain for about 12 to 24 hours.

From the cracked egg, follicles become corpus luteum, which looks like a cyst on ultrasound but a little bigger. The corpus luteum begins to form in high concentrations due to the hormone progesterone. In addition, it also produces estrogen. The lifespan of the corpus luteum is about 12 days unless the woman gets pregnant. If this is the case, the corpus luteum is stimulated by the pregnancy hormone HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) and it continues to produce hormones.

Natural Remedies

Try to fix difficulties with your cycle with natural remedies and consult a gynaecologist only if there are serious difficulties. Chaste Tree (Agnus castus) is suitable for irregular cycles and Bryophyllum ensures healthy implantation. In addition, there are several teas and tea blends that support and promote fertility. Contact your gynaecologist before you take any.


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